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Thread: Taizu's Longfist is First 太祖的長拳起首

  1. #1
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    Taizu's Longfist is First 太祖的長拳起首

    Most schools of Mantis pay homage to the list of Eighteen Masters that make up our style.
    At the beginning of the Eighteen founders of Mantis (Which we should really be calling Luohan), a list of 18 masters and their specialty,is Song Taizu, founding Emperor of the Song Dynasty.

    太祖的長拳起首, Taizu's Longfist Comes First.

    If his Longfist comes first it must be pretty important.
    So, if we really understand our style, or if masters understand this style, then what does Taizu's Longfist actually mean?

    Looking at Longfist today is a maze of confusion. A never ending list of forms.
    Even within a single style or school of Longfist will likely have many many forms of longfist.

    Or, you may say that within our 18 masters list Taizu's Longfist refers to a Longfist form as taught to the military during the Ming, famously known as Taizu's Longfist.

    But, I say that it is neither of those. Instead it means a technique, not a form, or a style. It means Taizu's single technique that he passed down for posterity. So, if Taizu has but a single technique and our list of creators of the style is only eighteen, then how many techniques does the style have?

    Eighteen techniques? Thirty-six techniques? Hardly enough to make up so many forms that exist today.

    Eighteen Masters
    太祖的長拳起首,韓通的通背為母;
    鄭恩的纏封尤妙,溫元的短拳更奇;
    馬籍的短打最甚,孫恆的猴拳且盛;
    黃祐的靠身難近,綿盛的面掌飛疾;
    金相的磕手通拳,懷德的摔捋硬崩;
    劉興的勾摟採手,譚方的滾漏貫耳;
    燕青的拈拿跌法,林沖的鴛鴦腳強;
    孟甦的七勢連拳,崔連的窩裡剖捶;
    楊滾的棍採直入,王朗的螳螂總敵。

  2. #2
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    Taizhichangquan is an old method and it appears that based on where the form was learned, Taizhu took on many shapes, features, skills, etc base don the province, town or village where it ended up. Didn't Sal and few scholars identify a Taizhu form that was a basis for Chen shi Family art now known as taijiquan

  3. #3
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    This is the Taizu long fist that I have learned.

    Last edited by YouKnowWho; 05-13-2016 at 11:04 PM.
    http://johnswang.com

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  4. #4
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    Here is another clip.

    http://johnswang.com

    More opinion -> more argument
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  5. #5
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    Partial clip of the taizuquan of Liu Yunqiao:

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3nWtZSfAx4

    "Its better to build bridges rather than dig holes but occasionally you have to dig a few holes to build the foundation of a strong bridge."

    "Traditional Northern Chinese Martial Arts are all Sons of the Same Mother," Liu Yun Qiao

  6. #6
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    Great. Thanks Fellas for posting examples of Longfist forms. There are millions of these longfist forms on the internet now. Plus more we have not yet seen.

    And these two examples (first two videos being the same form) are a good cross section. They are both valid longfist and yet both different stylistically. So, in terms of Old Praying Mantis, or even in terms of Ming Dynasty General Qi Jiguang, does "Song Taizu's Longfist" refer to a form like this.

    I say not.

    It refers only to a technique.
    That should be a technique that shows up in the schools of, Longfist, Tongbei (or Tongbi if that is what you like to call it), Taichi, Mantis and several southern styles going all the way to Okinawan Karate.
    We would expect the technique to look radically different between Taiji and Karate, but there should still be a link, even if we are no longer able to find it.

    Without the ability to determine what Song Taizu's technique was, styles like Longfist, Mantis, Tongbei, Taiji are missing an important component of defining what they are.

    So the next question would be; how do we go about defining the very first component of what makes up our style?

  7. #7
    Taizu was the original form in the Shaolin curriculum according to Sal Canzonieri, containing several techniques from several masters. http://www.bgtent.com/naturalcma/CMAarticle35-TZQ.htm
    The "Three Battles" San Cheen spread from the Nan Taizu system into the other Fujian arts, probably an adaption from earlier northern forms. http://www.bgtent.com/naturalcma/CMAarticle14.htm
    Sanchin used to be the introduction Kata of Karate, until some schools chose to replace it. It's main ideas are preserved in the fairly widespread Seisan/Hangetsu/Zimen Quan Kata.

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    The "Taizu Chuan" and "Taizu's Longfist" are complete different systems.

    This is "Taizu Chuan".

    http://johnswang.com

    More opinion -> more argument
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  9. #9

    taizu's long fist

    If what we are looking for is a technique...would it be helpful to first eliminate what the technique is not. In other words, is it safe to assume the technique is not a kick, not a trip, not a take down etc. The technique is presumably a strike. So what techniques do taiji, longfist, mantis and other styles have in common that are not the techniques that have been eliminated. Old kungfu seems to be very simple and straight to the point. So what if we look at techniques like that:
    A variation of high pat on horse
    A simple 1,2 combination like a jab then cross
    Or maybe a variation of "stealing the heart"

    I leave the rest of this conversation up to the experts.

  10. #10
    Quote Originally Posted by YouKnowWho View Post
    The "Taizu Chuan" and "Taizu's Longfist" are complete different systems.

    This is "Taizu Chuan".
    If by Taizu Chuan you mean southern Taizu, then they may still have something in common.
    First theory: Southern Taizu is derived directly from Song Taizu, adapted to fighting on boats.
    Second: Taizu is Yue Fei of Southern Song, who was certainly influenced by the combat methods of Song Taizu.
    Third: It is Ming Taizu, when Shaolin Taizu Quan had already influenced the northern long fist styles.

    Correction. These theories are not mine. I'm simply paraphrasing.
    Last edited by Cataphract; 05-18-2016 at 10:13 AM.

  11. #11
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    It could also be possible that it refers to a concept, as opposed to a single specific technique.

    Also, re: Mantis 9700's idea of discovery through elimination:

    At this point, it may be near-impossible to identify which exact technique it could be. Even if it does refer to a technique, being listed as 'Taizu's Long Fist' does not necessarily mean it's a fist punch or even limited to being a hand strike. A high percentage of simple Kung Fu techniques have aspects of kick, strike and throw, even if, in outward appearance, they present as one or the other.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Jimbo View Post
    It could also be possible that it refers to a concept, as opposed to a single specific technique.
    I like that idea. It could just refer to "long range fighting" eg: keeping your distance from your opponent, using long arm and leg techniques

  13. #13
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    Quote Originally Posted by Mantis9700 View Post
    So what if we look at techniques like that:
    A variation of high pat on horse
    Interesting choice.
    Of all the techniques you could have named why did you mention Pat Horse?

  14. #14
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    Quote Originally Posted by mawali View Post
    Taizhu form that was a basis for Chen shi Family art now known as taijiquan
    Modern Taiji is descended from Song Taizu's Longfist form as recorded in a short chapter of General Qi Jiguang's military manual New Book on Effective Training Methods published early 1560's. Republished several more times in the Ming and Qing dynasty. There is no indication that it was ever a rare book.

    I have seen with my own eyes a handwritten version purported to be from the end of the Ming or at least the beginning of the Qing. It is larger than the book and in color on a rolled up scroll sealed in a safe. The owner pointed out the headgear; the soldiers wearing something like a turban or headscarf.

    Unlike during the Qing when the queue (the braided pony tail) became required by law at the start of the Qing.

  15. #15
    Quote Originally Posted by Tainan Mantis View Post
    Interesting choice.
    Of all the techniques you could have named why did you mention Pat Horse?
    A combination of reflection and circumstance.
    In terms of reflection...you mentioned a single technique so the technique was brought into mantis. Looking at the other techniques/methods of the 18 masters they are not useless complicated techniques. Most of the techniques on that list require 1 or 2 movements and are straight to the point. I would assume this was one of the parameters when mantis was being formed. Techniques that work, are battle tested, have low failure rate and are efficient and easy to understand and can be trained over and over again. Is it safe to assume Taizu's longfist technique would have to meet those same requirements? Taiji is supposedly older than mantis (I will allow the experts to debate that) so what technique in styles of kungfu such as taiji and older than mantis can be found in mantis and taiji and other styles. Still a lot of techniques to consider but that is the fun part about taking apart forms and drilling single techniques and seeing what really works and what doesnt and how easy and efficient the technique is. When doing that I came to hand full of techniques that I mentioned in my initial post.

    I did see this before my initial post:
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NEcygw7T_GM

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